Eliciting the Patient’s Perspective

  • What do you call the problem? ( Is there a name for it in the Korean culture i.e. Hwabyung)
  • Why do you think this illness or problem has occurred? (Older Koreans may also attribute illnesses to a failure to fulfill spiritual obligations for example some may feel that their illnesses are due to failure to pray, others to displeasure of ancestors with their burial place, or still others to offending folk spirits)
  • What do you think the illness does? (E.g. older Korean American women, may believe their illnesses is related to Hwabyung (“fire illness”), due to the inability to express their openly and is believed to affect a particular organ system )
  • What do you think is the natural course of the illness? What do you fear?
  • How do you think the sickness should be treated (what alternative therapies are you using currently), how do want us to help you?
  • Who do you turn to for help? Who should be involved in decision-making? (Koreans often rely on the family unit for important decisions.)