Surgery

Intercultural concerns that need to be explored in pre-surgical assessment (Gerdner, et al., 2008; Llorens, 1988; personal communication to G. Yeo,1993) :

  1. Cultural beliefs in sanctity of body.
  2. Belief that the body must be whole to “cross over”.
  3. Cultural beliefs concerning blood loss (e.g., that blood is not replaced).
  4. Belief that organs are being harvested illegally.