The difference between the number of deaths actually observed in the minority population and number of deaths that would have occurred in that group if both minority and non-minority populations had the same age- and sex-specific death rates.
- Higher mortality for coronary heart disease and stroke account for 24% of the excess mortality in black males, 41% in black females.
- Black males have a greater likelihood of dying from cancer than any other population
- Some data indicate 45% higher heart disease mortality among older Puerto Rican women in the U.S. than older Anglo women, but not for Puerto Rican men; Cuban- and Mexican-born elders had lower rates of heart disease mortality than Anglo elders (Villa et al, 1993).
- Mortality rates for cancer of the cervix among Mexican-born females in the U.S. was found to be twice as high as that of Anglo females; stomach and liver cancer were higher for both Mexican born males and females, but all other cancers showed lower cancer mortality (Villa, et al., 1993.)
- Japanese Americans, Chinese Americans, and Filipino Americans have lower age-adjusted death rates from all causes than Whites, Blacks, or American Indians (McBride, Morioka-Douglas, & Yeo, 1996).
- Excess deaths have been reported among older American Indians for tuberculosis, diabetes, pneumonia, and cirrhosis (John, 1997; MCabe & Cuellar, 1994).
- Suicide is much more common among older white non-Hispanic males than any minority category, and is higher among men than women in all categories. Among women it is slightly higher among Asian/Pacific Islanders than other population (NCHS, 2007).