Articles and Books


Andersen R, Harada N, Chiu V, et al. (1995).Application of the behavioral model to health studies of Asian and Pacific Islander Americans. Asian Am Pac Isl J Health; 3(2):128–141.


Blackhall LJ, Murphy ST, Frank G, Michel V, Azen S. (1995) Ethnicity and attitudes toward patient autonomy. JAMA; 274(10):820–825. Available online at


Brown, R. A. (1992, Spring/Summer). Korean perceptions of Koreans, Japanese, and Americans. Asian Perspective 16, 45-70.


Carrasquillo, O., A. I. Carrasquillo, et al. (2000). “Health insurance coverage of immigrants living in the United States: differences by citizenship status and country of origin.” Am J Public Health 90(6): 917-23. Available online at


Chang, W. H. (1972) Communication and acculturation: A case study of Korean ethnic groups in Los Angeles (VI, 136 leaves.) [Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Iowa].


Chin, S.Y. (1993). Korean migration. In S. Yamato, S.Y. Chin, W. L. Ng, & J. Franks (Eds.), Asian Americans in the United States (Vol. 2, pp. 83-87). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.


Cho, J., & Juon, H. (2006). Assessing overweight and obesity risk among Korean Americans in California using World Health Organization Body Mass Index criteria for Asians. Preventing Chronic Disease, 3, 1-11. Available online at


Choi, H. (1991, Winter). Differential patterns of adaptation and stress among Korean immigrants in the United States: A theoretical framework. Korea Journal 31(4), 5-13. Available online here


Chung, T. S. (c. 1981). Roots and assimilation. Series Title: Philip Jaisohn Memorial papers (no. 11. 70 p. 23cm). Elkins Park, PA: Philip Jaisohn Memorial Foundation


Doorway Thoughts: Cross-Cultural Health Care for Older Adults. (2006). Older Korean Americans. American Geriatrics Society, Reva Adler, Hosam Kamel, 96-111.


Eleazer GP, Hornung CA, Egbert CB, Egbert JR, Eng C, Hedgepeth J, McCann R, Strothers H 3rd, Sapir M, Wei M, Wilson M.. (1996). The relationship between ethnicity and advance directives in a frail older population. J Am Geriatr Soc; 44(8):938–943.


Espiritu, Y. L. (1992). Asian American panethnicity: Bridging institutions and identities. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.


Hann, H.W. L. (1994). Hepatitis B. In N. W. S. Zane, D. T. Takeuchi, & K. N. J. Young (Eds.), Confronting critical health issues of Asian and Pacific Islander Americans (chap. 5, pp. 148-173). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.


Hornung CA, Eleazer GP, Strothers HS 3rd, Wieland GD, Eng C, McCann R, Sapir M. (1998). Ethnicity and decision-makers in a group of frail older people. J Am Geriatr Soc. Mar; 46(3):280-6


Hurh, W. M. (1977). Assimilation of the Korean minority in the United States., Series Title: Philip Jaisohn Memorial papers (no. 1 [36] p. 23 cm). Elkins Park, PA: Philip Jaisohn Memorial Foundation.


Hurh, W. M., Kim, H. C., & Kim, K. C. (1978). Assimilation patterns of immigrants in the United States: A case study of Korean immigrants in the Chicago area (p. 23 cm.) Washington, DC: University Press of America


Hurh, W. M., & Kim, K. C. (1984, Summer). Adhesive sociocultural adaptation of Korean immigrants in the U.S.: An alternative strategy of minority adaptation. International Migration Review 18, 188-216.


Hurh, W. M., & Kim, K. C. (1990, Fall). Adaptation stages and mental health of Korean male immigrants in the United States. International Migration Review 24, 456-479.


Jang , Y., Kim, G., & Chiriboga, D. (2005). Acculturation and manifestation of depressive symptoms among Korean American older adults. Aging and Mental Health, 9, 500-507.


Jang, Y., Kim, G., & Chiriboga, D. (2005). Health, health care utilization, and satisfaction with service: Barriers and facilitators among Korean-American Older Adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 1613-1617.


Jang Y, Kim G, Hansen L, Chiriboga DA. (2007). Attitudes of older Korean Americans toward mental health services. J Am Geriatr Soc. Apr; 55(4):616-20.


Juon, h., Kim, M., Han, h., Ryu, J., & Han, W. (2003). Acculturation and cigarette smoking among Korean American men. Yonsei Medical Journal, 44, 875-882.


Kagawa-Singer M, Hikoyeda N, Tanjasiri SP. (1997). Aging, chronic conditions, and physical disabilities in Asian and Pacific Islander Americans. In: Markides KS, Miranda MR, eds. Minorities, Aging and Health. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications; 149–175.


Kiefer, C. W., Kim, S., Choi, K., Kim, L., Kim, B.-L., Shon, S., & Kim, T. (1985). Adjustment problems of Korean-American elderly. The Gerontologist, 25, 477-482.


Kim, E. C. (1989, Winter). Korean Americans in the United States: Problems and alternatives. Korea Observer 20(4), 415-429.


Kim, K. C., & Hurh, W. M. (1983). Korean Americans and the “success” image: A critique. Amerasia Journal 10(2), 3-22.


Kim, K. K., Yu, E. S., Liu, W. T., Kim, J., & Kohrs, M. B. (1993, December). Nutritional status of Chinese-, Korean-, and Japanese-American elderly. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 93(12), 1416-1422.


Kim, M. (1995). Cultural influences on depression in Korean Americans. Journal of psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 33, 13-18.


Kim M, Han HR, Kim KB, Duong DN. (2002). The use of traditional and Western medicine among Korean American elderly. J Community Health; 27(2):109–120.


Kim, O., & Baik, S. (2004). Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and subjective health in Korean elderly men. Addictive Behaviors, 29, 1595- 1603.


Kim, P. K., & Kim, J.-S. (1992). Korean elderly: Policy, program, and practice implications. In S. M. Furuto, R. Biswas, D.K.Chung, K. Murase, & F. Ross-Sheriff (Eds.), Social work practice with Asian Americans (pp. 227-239). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.


Kim, E., & Kim, C. (2004). Who wants to enter a long-term care facility in a rapidly aging non-western society? Attitudes of older Koreans toward long-term care facilities. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52, 2114-2119.


Kim, U. (1989, Winter). Acculturation of Korean immigrants: What are the hidden costs? Korea Observer 20(4), 431-454.


Kitano, H. H. L., & Daniels, R. (1988). Asian Americans. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.


Koh HK, Koh HC. (1993). Health Issues in Korean Americans. Asian Am Pac Isl J Health. Autumn; 1(2):176-193.


Kuo, J., and Porter, K. Health Status of Asian Americans: United States, 1992-94. Advance data from vital and health statistics; no.298. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1997


Koh, J. Y., & Bell, W. G. (1987, February). Korean elders in the United States: intergenerational relations and living arrangements. The Gerontologist, 27, 66-71.


The Korean-American experience [Introduction to theme of issue]. (1983). Amerasia Journal 10(2), 1-2. Lee, D. C. (1972). Acculturation of Korean residents in Georgia (VII, 216 leaves). [Thesis–University of Georgia.] Athens, GA.


Lee, J. A., Yeo, G., & Gallagher-Thompson, D. (1993). Cardiovascular disease risk factors and attitudes towards prevention among Korean-American elders. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 8, 17-33.


Lubben, J. E., Chi, I., & Kitano, H. H. L. (1989). The relative influence of selected social factors on Korean drinking behavior in Los Angeles. Advances in Alcohol & Substance Abuse, 8, 1-17.


McBride, M., Morioka-Douglas, N, & Yeo, G. (1996). Aging and Health: Asian and Pacific Islander American Elders (2nd ed.). SGEC Working Paper #3. Stanford, CA: Stanford Geriatric Education Center.


McCracken M, Olsen M, Chen MS Jr, Jemal A, Thun M, Cokkinides V, Deapen D, Ward E.Melissa McCracken, MPH, Miho Olsen, MPH, Moon S. Chen, Jr., PhD, MPH, Ahmedin Jemal, DVM, PhD, Michael Thun, MD, MS, Vilma Cokkinides, PhD, MSPH, Dennis Deapen, DrPH and Elizabeth Ward, PhD. (2007). Cancer Incidence, Mortality, and Associated Risk Factors Among Asian Americans of Chinese, Filipino, Vietnamese, Korean, and Japanese Ethnicities CA Cancer J Clin. 2007 Jul-Aug; 57(4):190-205.


Min, J., Moon, A., & Lubben, J. (2005). Determinants of psychological distress over time among older Korean immigrants and Non-Hispanic White elders: Evidence from a two-wave panel study. Aging and Mental Health, 9, 210-222.


Moon A., Lubben JE, Villa V. Awareness and utilization of community long-term care services by elders Korean and non-Hispanic white Americans. Gerontologist 1998; 38(3):309–316; discussion 317–319.


Oh, Y. J. (1984). A study of the characteristics and recreational interests of Korean immigrant senior citizens in Los Angeles. V, 95 leaves, 29 cm. [Master’s thesis – University of Southern California.] Los Angeles, CA.


Pang, K. Y. (1989). The practice of traditional Korean medicine in Washington, D.C. Social Science Medicine, 28, 875-884.


Pang, K. Y. C. (1991). Korean elderly women in America: Everyday life, health and illness. New York: AMS Press.


Say, A. (1991, December). Musings of a walking stereotype. (Asian Americans). School Library Journal 37(12), 45(2).


Shin, J. (2002). Help-seeking behaviors by Korean immigrants for depression. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 23, 461-476.


Sohn L. (2004). The health and health status of older Korean Americans at the 100-year anniversary of Korean immigration. J Cross Cult Gerontol; 19(3):203–219.


Tanjasiri SP, Wallace SP, Shibata K. (1995).Picture imperfect: hidden problems among Asian Pacific islander elderly. Gerontologist. Dec; 35(6):753-60.


Won-Doornink, M. J. (1988). Television viewing and acculturation of Korean immigrants. Amerasia Journal 14(1), 79-92.


Yoo, J.K. (1974, Spring). The correlates of cultural assimilation of the Korean immigrants in the United States. Korea Observer 6(1), 88-97.


Young, J. J., & Gu, N. (1995). Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of elderly Asian and Pacific Island Americans. Seattle: National Asian Pacific Center on Aging.


Yu, E.Y. (1977). Koreans in America: an emerging ethnic minority. Amerasia Journal


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Internet Resources

Aging in Asia and Oceania AARP Multinational Survey of Opinion Leaders 2006 South KoreaCountry Report March 2007 Accessed July 1, 2007

Brown E. R., Ponce N., Rice T. (2001) The State of health insurance in California: Recent Trends, Future Projects. UCLA Center for Health Policy Research. Accessed February 2010.


Brown, E.R., Victoria D. Ojeda, Roberta Wyn, Rebecca Levan, UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, “Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Access to Health Insurance and Health Care.” April, 2000: 43-60. Available at


Chow M. (2003). Korean American History. Available at: (accessed November 2005).

Commonwealth Fund. Minority Americans lag behind whites on nearly every measure of health care quality. Press release. March 2002. Available at: (accessed November 2005).


Demographics of South Korea. (2007, July 15). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 23:00, July 16, 2007, from


Hughes, D. (2002). Quality of health care for Asian Americans: Findings from the Commonwealth Fund 2001 Health Care Quality Survey (Pub #525). New York: The Commonwealth Fund.
U.S. Census Bureau; Census 2000, Summary File 1; using American Fact Finder; ; QT-P7. Race Alone or in Combination for American Indian, Alaska Native, and for Selected Categories of Asian and of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 2000


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