Adler, R.N., Brangman, S., Pan, C. & Yeo, G. (Eds.) (2004) Doorway Thoughts: Cross Cultural Health Care for Older Adults, Vol 2. Ethnogeriatric Committee of the American Geriatrics Society. Boston: Jones & Bartlett.

Adler, R.N. & Kamel, H.K. (Eds.) (2002). Doorway Thoughts: Cross Cultural Health Care for Older Adults, Vol 1. Ethnogeriatric Committee of the American Geriatrics Society. Boston: Jones & Bartlett.

Association of Asian Pacific Community Health Organizations (1996). Development of models and standards for bilingual/bicultural health care services for Asian and Pacific Islander Americans: The language access project. Oakland: Association of Asian Pacific Community Health Organizations.

Bassford, T. L. (1995). Health status of Hispanic elders. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 11(1), 25-38.

Brangman, S., Grudzen, M, Pan, C., & Yeo, G. (2006) Doorway Thoughts: Cross Cultural Health Care for Older Adults, Vol 3. Ethnogeriatric Committee of the American Geriatrics Society. Boston: Jones & Bartlett.

Butcher, J. N., & Han, K. (1996). Methods of establishing cross-cultural equivalence. In J. N. Butcher (Ed.), International adaptations of the MMPI-2: Research and clinical applications (pp. 44-63). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Calderon, V., & Tennstedt, S. L. (1998). Ethnic differences in the expression of caregiver burden: results of a qualitative study. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 30(1/2), 159-78.

Calsyn, R. J., Roades, L. A., & Calsyn, D. S. (1992). Acquiescence in needs assessment studies of the elderly. Gerontologist, 32(2), 246-52.

Cummings, J. L., Ross, W., Absher, J., Gornbein, J., & et al. (1995). Depressive symptoms in Alzheimer disease: Assessment and determinants. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, 9(2), 87-93.

Dick, M. B., Dick-Muehlke, C., Teng, E.L. (2006) Assessment of cognitive status in Asians. In Yeo, G. & Gallagher-Thompson, D. (Eds.) Ethnicity and the Dementias, 2nd Ed. Boston: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.

Dick, M.B., Teng, E.L., Kempler, D., Davis, D.S. & Taussig, I.M. (2002) The Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Batter (CCSN) Effects of age, education, ethnicity, and cognitive status on performance. In F.R. Ferraro (Ed.) Minority and Cross-cultural Aspects of Neuropsychological Assessment. Lisse, the Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.

Douglas, K. & Lenahan, P. (1994). Ethnogeriatric assessment clinic in family medicine. Family Medicine, 26, 372-375.

Fillenbaum, G. G., Heyman, A., Huber, M. S., Woodbury, M. A., Leiss, J., Schmader, K., E., Bohannon, A., & Trapp-Moen, B. (1998). The prevalence and 3-year incidence of dementia in older Black and White community residents. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 51(7), 587-595.

Flaherty, J. A., Gaviria, F. M., Pathak, D., Mitchell, T., & et al. (1988). Developing instruments for cross-cultural psychiatric research. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease176(5), 257-263.

Gallo, J. J., Stanley, L., Zack, N. E., & Reichel, W. (1995). Multidimensinal assessment of the older patient In Reichel (Ed.), Care of the Elderly: Clinical Aspects of Aging. Williams & Wilkins (pp. 15-30), 64.

Gilmer, J. S., Tripp-Reimer, T., Buckwalter, K. C., Andrews, P. H., Morris, W. W., Rios, H., Lindencrona, C., & Evers, G. (1995). Technical notes. Translation and validation issues for a multidimensional elderly self-assessment instrument. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 17(2), 220-6.

Greene, R. L. (1987). Ethnicity and MMPI performance: A review. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 55(4), 497-512.

Gurland, , B. J., Wilder, D. E., Cross, P., Teresi, J., & et al. (1992). Screening scales for dementia: Toward reconciliation of conflicting cross-cultural findings. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 7(2), 105-113.

Haan, M. N., & Weldon, M. (1996). The influence of diabetes, hypertension, and stroke on ethnic differences in physical and cognitive functioning in an ethnically diverse older population. Annals of Epidemiology, 6(5), 392-8.

Haley, W. E., Han, B., & Henderson, J. N. (1998). Aging and ethnicity: Issues for clinical practice.Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 5(3), 393-409.

Hargrave, R. (2006). Neurocognitive assessment of dementia in African American elders. In Yeo, G. & Gallagher-Thompson, D. (Eds.) Ethnicity and the Dementias, 2nd Ed. Boston: Routledge/ Taylor & Francis.

Harwood, A. (Ed.) (1981). Ethnicity and Medical Care. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hepburn, K., & Reed, R. (1995). Ethical and clinical issues with Native-American elders. End-of-life decision making. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 11(1), 97-111.

Hernandez, G. G. (1991). Not so benign neglect: Researchers ignore ethnicity in defining family caregiver burden and recommending services. Gerontologist, 31(2), 271-272.

Hikoyeda, N. (2008). Health Literacy in Patient-Centered Health Care.
Presentation in Stanford Geriatric Education Center Faculty Development Program in Health Literacy and Ethnogeriatrics. August 12, 2008. Stanford University.

Hoeman, S. P. (1989). Cultural assessment in rehabilitation nursing practice. Nursing Clinics of North America, 24(1), 277-89.

Institute of Medicine (IoM) (2004). Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Jackson, C. (1998). Medical interpretation. In L. S (Ed.), Handbook of Immigrant Health. New York: Plenum Press.

Jackson-Carrol, L.N., Graham, E. & Jackson, J.C. (May, 1996). Beyond Medical Interpretation: The Role of Interpreter Cultural Mediators-In Building Bridges Between Ethnic Communities and Health Institutions. Seattle: Community House Calls, Harborview Medical Center.

Jervis, L.L., Cullum, C. M., Manson, S. (2006). American Indians, cognitive assessment, and dementia. In Yeo, G. & Gallagher-Thompson, D. (Eds.) Ethnicity and the Dementias, 2nd Ed.Boston: Routledge/ Taylor & Francis.

Johnson, T.M. Hardt, E.J., & Kleinman, A. (1995). Cultural factors in the medical interview. In M. Lipkin, S. Putnam, & A. Lazare (Eds.). The Medical Interview. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Kleinman, A., Eisenberg, L. Good, B. (1978). Culture, illness, and care. Annals of Internal Medicine, 88; 251-258.

Kramer, J. (1996). American Indians. Chapter 3. In J.G. Lipson, S. L. Dibble, P. A. Minarik Culture & Nursing care: A Pocket Guide., (pp. 11-22). San Francisco, CA: UCSF Nursing Press.
Language Line Services. (1999). Product Iinformation [Online]. Available: http//

Lavizzo-Mourey, R.J. & Mackenzie, E. (1995). Cultural competence: An essential hybrid for delivering high quality care in the 1990’s and beyond. Annals of Internal Medicine, 124(10), 919-921.

Lee, E. (1997). Cross-cultural communication: Therapeutic use of interpreters. In E. Lee. (Ed.),Working with Asian Americans (pp. 477-489). New York: Guilford Press.

Leo, R. J., Narayan, D. A., Sherry, C., Michalek, C., & Pollock, D. (1997). Geropsychiatric consultation for African-American and Caucasian patients. General Hospital Psychiatry, 19(3), 216-22.

Lipson, J., Dibble, S., & Minarik, P., (Eds.). (1996). Culture and Nursing Care: A Pocket Guide. San Francisco, CA: UCSF Nursing Press.

Mahurin, R. K., Espino, D. V., & Holifield, E. B. (1992). Mental status testing in elderly Hispanic populations: special concerns. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 28(4),391-9.

Marcos, L. R. (1979). Effect of interpreters on the evaluation of psychopathology in non-English speaking patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 136(2), 171-174.

McLaughlin, G. H. (1969). SMOG grading-a new readability formula. Journal of Reading, 12, 639-646.

McMillian, J., & Preston, J. M. (1996). Assessment of the health needs of low income, inner city, African American elderly. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 3(2), 62-3.

Mercer, S. O. (1996). Navajo elderly people in a reservation nursing home: admission predictors and culture care practices. Social Work, 41(2), 181-9.

Mezey, M., Rauckhorst, L., & Stokes, S. (1993). Health assessment of the older individual, (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Mui, A. (1996) Geriatric Depression Scale as a community screening instrument for elderly Chinese immigrants. International Psychogeriatrics, 8: 445-458.

Mui, A., Kang, S-Y., Chen, L.M., Domanski, M.D. (2003) Reliability of the Geriatric Depression Scale for use among elderly Asian immigrants in the USA. International Psychogeriatrics, 15:253-271.

Mulgrew, C. L., Morgenstern, N., Shetterly, S. M., Baxter, J., Baron, A. E., & Hamman, R. F. (1999). Cognitive functioning and impairment among rural elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic Whites as assessed by the Mini-Mental State examination. Journal of Gerontology, Psychological Sciences, 54B(4), 223-230.

Mungas, D. Neuropsychological assessment of Hispanic elders. (2006). In Yeo, G. & Gallagher-Thompson, D. (Eds.) Ethnicity and the Dementias, 2nd Ed. Boston: Routledge/ Taylor & Francis.

Mungas, D., Marshall, S. C., Weldon, M., Haan, M., & Reed, B. R. (1996). Age and education correction of Mini-Mental State Examination for English and Spanish-speaking elderly. Neurology, 46(3), 700-706.

Mungas, D., Reed, B.R., Haan, M.N., & Gonzalez, H. (2005). Spanish and English Neuropsychological Assessment Scales (SENAS): Relationship to demographics, language, cognition, and independent function. Neuropsychology, 19: 466-475.

Nell, V. (2000). Cross-cultural Neuropsychological Assessment: Theory and Practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Office of Research on Women’s Health (1998). Women of color health data book, NIH Pub. # 98-4247. Washington D.C.: National Institutes of Health.

Okazaki, S., & Sue, S. (1995). Cultural considerations in psychological assessment of Asian Americans. In J. N. Butcher (Ed.), Clinical Personality Assessment (pp. 107-119). New York: Oxford University Press.

Okazaki, S., & Sue, S. (1998). Methodological issues in assessment research with ethnic minorities. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Methodological Issues and Strategies in Clinical Research (2nd ed.) (pp. 263-281). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Pachter, L.M. (1994). Culture and clinical care: folk illness beliefs and behaviors and their implications for health care delivery. Journal of the American Medical Association, 271, 690-694.

Payne-Johnson, J.C. (1992). Communications and aging. A case for understanding African Americans who are elderly [published erratum appears in ASHA 1992 Apr;34(4):15]. ASHA, 34(1), 41-4.

Randall-David, E. (1989). Strategies for working with culturally diverse communities. Washington, DC: Association for the Care of Children’s Health.

Roppe, M.A. (1996). Defining competency in medical interpreting: The role of the emerging medical interpreting profession in improving access to and quality of care for patients with limited English proficiency. Unpublished M.Ed. thesis, School of Public Health , University of Minnesota.

Russo, J., Vitaliano, P., & Young, H. (1991). “Not so benign neglect: Researchers ignore ethnicity in defining family caregiver burden and recommending services”: Reply. Gerontologist, 31(2), 272.

Schwartzberg J.G., VanGeest, J.B., Wang C.C., (Eds).(2004)Understanding Health Literacy: Implications for Medicine and Public HealthChicago, IL: American Medical Association Press.

Tatara, T. (1999). Understanding elder abuse in minority populations. Ann Arbor: Braun-Brumfield.

Teng, E.L., Hasegawa, K., Homma, A., Imai, Y., Larson, E., Graves, A., Sugimoto, K., Yamaguchi, T., Sasaki, H., Chiu, D., et al. (1994). The Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI): a practical test for cross-cultural epidemiological studies of dementia. International Psychogeriatrics. 6:45-58.

Teng, E.L., Larson, E., Lin, K., Graves, A., & Liu, H. (1998) Screening for dementia: The Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument-Short Version (CASI-Short). Clinical Neuropsychologist, 12: 256.

Teresi, J. A., Golden, R. R., Cross, P., Gurland, B., Kleinman, M., & Wilder, D. (1995). Item bias in cognitive screening measures: comparisons of elderly white, Afro-American, Hispanic and high and low education subgroups. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 48(4), 473-83.

Tripp-Reimer, T. (1999). Culturally competent care. In M. Wykle & A. B. Ford (Eds.), Serving Minority Elders in the 21st Century (pp. 235-247). New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Tripp-Reimer, T., Brink, P. J., & Saunders, J. M. (1984). Cultural assessment: Content and process. Nursing Outlook, 32(2), 78-82.

Trotter, R.T. (1994) Module on Cross Cultural Issues in Medicine. In National Health Service Corps Educational Program for Clinical and Community Issues in Primary Care. Reston, VA: American Medical Student Association/Foundation.Valle, R. (1994). Culture-fair behavioral symptom differential assessment and intervention in dementing illness. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders(Suppl 3), 21-45.

Vasquez, C., & Javier, R. A. (1991). The problem with interpreters: Communicating with Spanish-speaking patients. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 42(2), 163-165.

Villarreul, A.M., Portillo, C.J., & Kane, P. (1999). Communicating with limited English proficiency persons: Implications for nursing practice. Nursing Outlook, 47, 262-270.

Yee, B.W.K., Mokuau, N., Kim, S. (Eds.) (1999a) Developing Cultural Competence in Asian American and Pacific Islander Communities: Opportunities in Primary Health Care and Substance Abuse Prevention, Cultural Competence Series, Volume V (DHHS Pub. No. (SMA)98-3193), Special Collaborative Edition. Washington D.C.: Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (SAMSHA), Bureau of Primary Health Care (HRSA) and Office of Minority Health (DHHS).

Yeo, G. (2002) (Ed.) Curriculum in Ethnogeriatrics: Core Curriculum and Ethnic Specific Modules.Collaborative on Ethnogeriatric Education.

Yeo, G. & Gallagher-Thompson, D. (Eds.). (1996). Ethnicity and the dementias. Washington, DC, USA: Taylor & Francis