Social Support

Compared to their Caucasian counterparts, multigenerational and multifamily households are common among Asians, including Filipino Americans. They are three times more likely to live in a household with spouse and other kin present, and are one-third less likely to be institutionalized (Himes, Hogan, & Eggebeen, 1996). Caring for elderly parents is taught and expected among children as part of their filial responsibility.

This practice is deeply embedded and integrated over time into their culture and passed on to the next generation (Mc Bride, 2006). Although acculturated families have become more accepting of the concept of institutionalization of their elderly relatives, they are still more reluctant to do so than the general population (Watari & Gatz, 2004).

Traditional Asian families, including Filipino Americans, may be less likely to seek professional caregiver, respite, and supportive services, and consider it their responsibility to care for their elderly relatives.