There are four major traditional religions/philosophies in China:

 1. Confucianism  2. Buddhism  3. Taoism  4. Ancestor Worship

In addition to these religions, many Chinese Americans practice Christianity.

The 2006 China International Religious Freedom Report reflects that in China (including Tibet, Hong Kong, and Macau), there are five main religions:

1. Buddhism

2. Taoism

3. Islam

4. Catholicism

5. Protestantism

While these are the primary religions, the 2005 religious affairs regulations did not identify “official” religions. In Mainland China, religion has not been freely practiced for many years due to government policies, though Confucian philosophy has remained widely taught (China: International Religious Freedom Report 2006).