Cohort Experiences

Table 2 Cohort Experiences: American Indian Older Adults
Time Period
Experiences
Cohort Age At Experience
Current Cohort Age
1900–1920 Reservations Children & Adolescents 85+
Children 75–85
  Forced Boarding Schools not born yet 65–75
not born yet  
  Traditional Culture seen as “Bad” not born yet 55–65
   
  Law Banned Spiritual Practices    
1920–1940 U.S. Citizenship Young Adults & Middle Aged 85+
  Adoption of Indian Children by Whites Adolescents & Young Adults 75–85
  Loss of Land by Allotment System Children & Adolescents 65–75
  Forced Assimilation

 

Children 55–65
  Boarding Schools    
1940–1960 World War II Service Middle Aged & Young Old 85+
  Relocation by BIA Young Adults & Middle Aged 75–85
  Termination of 100 Tribes Adolescents & Young Adults 65–75
  Forced Assimilation Children & Adolescents 55–65
1960–1980 Vietnam War Young Old & Old 85+
  Indian Activism Middle Aged & Young Old 75–85
  Youths Return to Traditional Practices Young Adults & Middle Aged 65–75
  Urbanization for Education & Jobs Adolescents & Young Adults 55–65
1980–present Education of Professionals Litigation Old 85+
  Self-Determination of Tribes Young Old & Old 75–85
  Urban Pan-Indianism Middle Aged & Young Old 65–75
  Reservation Gaming Young Adult & Middle Aged 55–65

Source: Hendrix, L. in Yeo et al, 1998