References

Affinity Health System (2007). Health care proxy/power of attorney. Retrieved on August 23, 2007 at  http://www.affinityhealth.org/page/patients-proxy.

Allina Hospitals and Clinics (2007). Health care directives retrieved on August 23, 2007 at  www.allina.com/ac/hearthealth.nsf/page/hcd.

Allen, M., Matthew, S., & Boland, M. J. (2004). Working with immigrants and refugee populations: Issues and Hmong case study. Library Trends, 53(2), 301-328.

Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum. (2006). Health Brief: Hmong in the U.S. http://www.apiahf.org/. Accessed July 27, 2007.

Benson, L. (2004). Hospice movement reaches out to immigrants. Retrieved October 25, 2005, from http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2004/06/14_bensonl_hospice/

Bliatout, B. T. (1991). Hmong healing practitioners. Hmong Forum, 2, 58-66.

Bliatout, B. T. (1993). Hmong death customs: Traditional and acculturated. In D.P. Irish, K.F. Lundquist, & V.J. Nelsen, Ethnic variations in dying, death, and grief: Diversity in universality (pp. 79-100). Washington, D.C.: Taylor and Francis.

Brotzman, G. L., & Butler, D. J. (1991). Cross-cultural issues in the disclosure of terminal diagnosis: A case report. The Journal of Family Practice, 32, 426-427.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (August 2005a). Hmong Refugees in Wat Tham Krabok Thailand. Global Migration and Quarantine. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved on July 13, 2007 from http://www.cdc.gov/Ncidod/Dq/refugee/hmong/hmong_refugees.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005b).  Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Hmong Refugees Resettling from Thailand into the United States, 2004-2005. Retrieved on July 27, 2007 from http://www.cdc.gov.mill1.sjlibrary.org/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5430a1.htm.

Cha, D. (2000). Hmong American concepts of health, healing, and illness and their experience with conventional medicine. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation Services.

Cha, D. (2003). Hmong American concepts of health, healing, and conventional medicine. New York, NY: Routledge.

Cha, D. (2003-04). The Hmong ‘Dab Pog Couple’ story and its significance in arriving at an understanding of Hmong ritual. Hmong Studies Journal, 4, 11-30.

Culhane-Pera, K.A., & Xiong P. (2003). Hmong culture: Tradition and change. In K.A. Culhane-Pera, D. E. Vawter, P. Xiong, B. Babbitt, & M.M. Solberg (Eds.), Healing by heart: Clinical and ethnical case stories of Hmong families and Western providers (pp. 11-68). Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

Culhane-Pera, K.A. (2003a). “Please help me”: A physician responds to a Hmong woman’s end-of-life struggles. In K.A. Culhane-Pera, D. E. Vawter, P. Xiong, B. Babbitt, & M.M. Solberg (Eds.), Healing by heart: Clinical and ethnical case stories of Hmong families and Western providers (pp. 284-289). Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

Culhane-Pera, K.A. (2003b). Cultural Complications in End-of-Life Care for Hmong Woman with Gallbladder Cancer.  In K.A. Culhane-Pera, D. E. Vawter, P. Xiong, B. Babbitt, & M.M. Solberg (Eds.), Healing by heart: Clinical and ethnical case stories of Hmong families and Western providers (pp. 258-264). Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

Culhane-Pera, K.A., Peterson, K.A., Crain, A.L., Center, B.A., Lee, M., Her, B., & Xiong, T. (2005). Group visits for Hmong adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A pre-post analysis. Journal for Healthcare of the Poor and Underserved,16 315-327.

Culhane-Pera, K. A., & Lee, M. (2007)  “Die Another Day”: A qualitative analysis of Hmong experiences with kidney stones. Hmong Studies Journal 7, 1-34; http://hmongstudies.org/CulhanePeraMLee.pdf

Culhane-Pera, K.A., Her, C., Her, B. (2007) “We are out of balance here”: A Hmong Cultural Model of Diabetes. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health; Special Issue on Nutrition. 9, 179-190. .http://www.springerlink.com/content/119982/?k=Culhane-Pera

Culhane-Pera, K.A., Moua, M.K., DeFor, T.A., & Desai, J. (2008) Cardiovascular Disease Risks in Hmong Refugees from Wat Tham Krabok, Thailand. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. Electronic publication December 20, 2008. http://www.springerlink.com/content/r77831248626w3g7/

Devlin H, Roberts M, Okaya A, & Xiong Y. M. (2006). Our lives were healthier before: Focus groups with African American, American Indian, Hispanic/Latino and Hmong people with diabetes. Health Promotion Practice 7, 47-55.

Doyle, M. (2001, August 16). Census 2000: The missing Hmong? Hmong Times, p. 1.

Frye, B. A. (1995). Use of cultural themes in promoting health among Southeast Asian Refugees. American Journal of Health Promotion, 9(4), 269-280.

Gerdner, L. A. (2007). Ethnogeriatric Cultural Competence (KO1 NR008433-01). Report to the NIH/NINR.

Gerdner, L. A. (2008). Translating research findings into a Hmong American children’s book to promote understanding of persons with Alzheimer’s disease. Hmong Studies Journal, 9, 1-29. Online at http://hmongstudies.org/Gerdner2008.pdf

Gerdner, L. A., & Langford, S., with illustrations by Stuart Loughridge (2008).  Grandfather’s Story Cloth. Walnut Creek, CA: Shen’s Books.

Gerdner, L. A., Cha, D., Yang, D., & Tripp-Reimer, T. (2007). The circle of life: End-of-life care and death rituals for Hmong American elders. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 33(5), 20-29.

Gerdner, L. A., Tripp-Reimer, T., & Yang, D. (2008). Perception and care of elder Hmong Americans with chronic confusion or tem toob. Hallym International Journal of Aging, 10(2), 111-138.

Gerdner, L. A., Xiong, S. V., & Cha, D. (2006). Chronic confusion and memory impairment in Hmong elders: Honoring differing cultural beliefs in America. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 32(3), 23-31.

Gerdner, L. A., Xiong, X., & Yang, D. (2006). Working with Hmong American Families. In G. Yeo & D. Gallagher-Thompson (Eds.) Ethnicity and the dementias (2nd ed., pp. 209-230). Bristol, PA: Taylor & Francis CRC Press.

Gerdner, L. A. (2001). Hmong illness belifs, behaviors, and care structures. Grant-in-aid funded by the University of Minnesota: Minneapolis, MN..

Gervais, K. (1996). Providing culturally competent health care to Hmong patients. Minnesota Medicine 79 (5): 49-51.

Henry R. R. (1996). Sweet blood, dry liver: Diabetes and Hmong embodiment in a foreign
land. Unpublished doctoral  dissertation. University of North Carolina: Chapel Hill.

Her C., & Mundt, M. (2005). Risk prevalence for type 2 diabetes mellitus in adult Hmong in Wisconsin: A pilot study. Wisconsin Medical Journal, 104, 70-77.

Hamilton-Merritt, J. (1993). Tragic Mountains: The Hmong, the Americans, and the Secret Wars for Laos, 1942-1992. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Hunn, D. (n.d.). The lost generation: Elder Hmong immigrants struggle with life in America. Retrieved on June 20, 2003 from http:clovisindependent.com/projects/hmong/hmongstory1.html.

Hutchinson, R. & McNall, M. (1994). Early marriage in a Hmong cohort. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56(3), 579-590.

Johnson SK. (1995). Diabetes in the Hmong refugee population. Unpublished doctoral  dissertation. San Francisco: University of California, San Francisco.

Johnson, S. K. (2002). Hmong health beliefs and experiences in the western health care system. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(2), 126-132.

Kagawa-Singer (1998). The cultural context of death rituals and mourning practices. Oncology Nursing Forum, 25(10), 1752-1755.

Kleinman, A., Eisenberg, L. & Good, B. (1978).  Culture, Illness and Care: Clinical Lessons from Anthropologic and Cross Cultural Research. Annals of Internal Medicine 88(2), 251-258.

Kue, Y., Redo, C.,  & Yang, X. S.  (1995). Barriers to accessing health care, blending cultures: Health care for Hmong elderly. Milwaukee, WI: Wisconsin Geriatric Education Center.

Kumanyika, S. (2006). Trust in health care: Seeing it from the other side. Preventive Medicine, 42, 83-84.

Kunstadter, P. (1985). Health of the Hmong in Thailand: Risk factors, morbidity, andmortality in comparison with other ethnic groups. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 9, 329-351.

Kunstadter, P., & Vang, V. (2001). Mortality transition among Hmong refugees in Fresno County, California, 1980-2001. Unpublished data.

Kunstadter P. (2001). Health implications of globalization at the village level: the good, the bad, and the ugly: some results of comparative research in Thailand and the US. Paper presented at: Woodrow Wilson School of International Studies, Princeton University; March 12, 2001; Princeton, NJ.

Kunstadter, P. (2003). Social, cultural, and ethical aspects of controlling fertility in the Hmong community. In K.A. Culhane-Pera, D. E. Vawter, P. Xiong, B. Babbitt, & M.M. Solberg (Eds.), Healing by heart: Clinical and ethnical case stories of Hmong families and Western providers (pp. 80-87). Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

Kwan DK, Moua MK. (2002). Health survey. Hmong Health Care Professionals Coalition. Unpublished data.

Lee S, Xiong G, Vang V, & Comerford M. (2000). Hypertension rates increase with length of stay in the US among Hmong refugees in California.  Paper presented at: Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association; November 15, 2000; Boston, MA.

Lee, S., Pfeiffer, M. E., Seying, K., Todd, R. M., Grover, M., Vang. H. et al.  (2003). Hmong 2000 Census Publication: Data and Analysis. Washington, D.C.: Hmong National Development Inc.

Livo, N. J., & Cha, D. (1991). Folk Stories of the Hmong: Peoples of Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. Westport, Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited.

Mills, P. & Yang, R. (1997). Cancer incidence in the Hmong of central California, United States, 1987-94. Cancer Causes and Control, 8(5), 1573-7225.

Minnesota Department of Health. (2006a) Hmong Resettlement, June 2004-June 2005. MDH Disease Control Newsletter. 23, 1-8.

Minnesota Department of Health. (2006b). Refugee Health Statistics. Retrieved on July 27, 2007 at: http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/refugee/stats/index.html.

Mollica, R. & Lavelle, J. (1988). Southeast Asian refugees. In L. Comas-Diaz & E. Griffith (Eds.) Clinical guidelines in cross-cultural mental health. NY: John Wiley.

Morgan, S. & Culhane-Pera, K.A. (1993). Threads of Life: Hemp and Gender in a Hmong
Village. (videotape). Available from Documentary Educational Resources:
http://www.der.org/films/threads-of-life.html

Moua, M.K. (2004). Prevalence and risk factors of kidney stones among the Hmong. Unpublished master’s thesis,  University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Mouanoutoua, V.L., Brown, L. (1995). Hopkins Symptom Checklist 25, Hmong Version: A screening instrument for psychological distress. Journal of Personality Assessment, 64, 376-383.

Mouanoutoua, V., Brown, L., Cappelletty, G. & Levine, R. (1991). A Hmong adaptation of the Beck Depression Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57 (2), 309-22.

Nelson, T. (2003, December 19). New day for exiled Hmong. Pioneer Press, pp. 1A, 14A.

Niedzwiecki, M., Yang, K., & Earm, S. (2003). Southeast Asian American elders in California: Demographics and service priorities revealsed by the 2000 censuss and a survey of Mutual Assistance Associations (MAAs) and Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs). Sacramento, California: Southeast Asia Resource Action Center.

Parker, M. K. (1996). Loss in the lives of Southeast Asian elders. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Pfeifer, M. (2001). U.S. Census 2000: Trends in Hmong population distribution across the regions of the United States. St. Paul, MN: Hmong Cultural Center.

Pfeifer, M. E., & Lee, T. (August 11, 2005). Hmong religion. Hmong Today, 2(16), 24.
Pinzon-Perez, H., Moua, N., & Perez, M. A. (2005). Understanding satisfaction with shamanic practices among the Hmong in rural California. The International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 8, 18-23, http://www.iejhe.org

Plotnikoff, G. A., Numrich, C., Wu, C., Yang, D., & Xiong, P. (2002). Hmong shamanism: Animist spiritual healing in Minnesota. Minnesota Medicine, 85, (6), 29-34.

Portis, A.J., Hermans, K., Culhane-Pera, K.A., & Curhan, G.C. (2004). Stone disease in the Hmong of Minnesota: Initial description of a high-risk population. Journal of Endourology, 18, 853-857.

Quincy, K. (1995). Hmong, history of a people. Cheney, WA: Eastern Washington University Press.

Reid, C. E. (2007). Addressing advance directives with elderly Hmong using cultural competence. Unpublished master’s thesis. Bethel University: St. Paul, Minnesota.

Rice, P. L. (2000). Hmong women and reproduction. Westport, Connecticut: Bergin & Garvey.

Robinson, W.C. (1998). Terms of refuge: The Indochinese exodus and the international response. New York, NY: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Ross, J. A., Xie, Y., Kiffmeyer, W. R., Bushhouse, S., & Robison, L. L. (2003). Cancer in the Minnesota Hmong population. Cancer, 97, 3076-3079.

Smith, G. (1995). Medical management of the Hmong elderly. Blending cultures: Health care for Hmong elderly. Milwaukee, WI: Wisconsin Geriatric Education Center.

Spring, M. A. (1989). Ethnopharmacologic analysis of medicinal plants used by Laotian Hmong refugees in Minnesota. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 26, 65-91.

Symonds, P. V. (1991). Cosmology ad the cycle of life: Hmong views of birth, death and gender in a mountain village in northern Thailand. Doctoral Dissertation. Department of Anthropology at Brown University: Providence, RI.

Symonds, P. (2004). Calling in the soul: Gender and the cycle of life in a Hmong village. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Tapp, N. (2003). The Hmong of China: Context, agency, and the imaginary. Boston, MA: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.

Thao, V. J. (2002). The voice of Hmong elders: Living, knowing, teaching, and learning with tradition. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA.

Vang, L. N. (2005). Sweet blood: Hmong decision making and experiences in living with Diabetes. Unpublished Master’s thesis. California State University of Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

Vawter, D. E., Culhane-Pera, K. A., Babbitt, B., Xiong, P.. & Solber, M. M. (2003). A model of culturally responsive health care. In K. A. Culhane-Pera, D. E. Vawter, P. Xiong, B. Babbitt, & M. M. Solberg (Eds.) Healing by heart: Clinical and ethical case studies of Hmong families and Western providers (pp. 297-356). Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

Vawter, D. E.,  & Babbit, B. (1997). Hospice care for terminally ill Hmong patients. A good cultural fit? Minnesota Medicine, 80(11), 42-44.

Werner, M. A., Knobeloch, L. M., Erbach, T., & Anderson, H. A. (2001). Use of imported folk remedies and medications in the Wisconsin Hmong community. Wisconsin Medical Journal, 100(7), 32-34.

Wong, C.C., Mouanoutoua, V., Chen, M.J., Gray, K., &Tseng, W. (2005). Adherence with hypertension care among Hmong Americans. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 22, 143-156.

Yang, D. (1993) Hmong at the Turning Point. Minneapolis, MN: World Bridge Associates.